Understand how the history of Earth and its life forms, based on evidence of change recorded in fossils and landforms.
- Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils using index fossils and rock layers.
- Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, rock composition and formation as evidence of the history of the Earth.
Understand the evolution of organisms and landforms based on evidence, theories, and processes that impact the Earth over time.
- Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification and the theory of evolution.
- Explain th relationship between genetic variation and an organism's ability to adapt to its environment.